International Conference

Civil-Military Relations

October 21-22, 2008






Dr. Hasan-Askari Rizvi
Political and Defence Analyst


Dr. Hasan-Askari Rizvi is an independent Political and Defence Analyst. He obtained an M.A. And Ph.D. in Political Science and International Relations from the University of Pennsylvania, USA, and an M. Phil. in Politics from the University of Leeds, UK. Earlier, he did his Masters in Political Science from the University of the Punjab, Lahore. He was Quaid-i-Azam Professor of Pakistan Studies at Columbia University, New York (December 1995-July 1999), and Allama Iqbal Professor at Heidelberg University, Germany and Research Scholar at University of New Mexico and Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque (2002). He was also on the Faculty of Political Science Department, University of the Punjab, Lahore, (1971-2001) where he also served as Chairman of the Department of Political Science.


Senator Nisar A. Memon
Chairman, Senate Committee on Defence & Defence Production


Senator Nisar A. Memon serves as Chairman, Senate Standing Committee of Senate for Defence and Defence Production. He is also a member of the Standing Committees of Senate for Foreign Affairs, Finance & Economic Affairs and Narcotics Control. Senator Memon holds a M.Sc. from Karachi University and Professional, Technical & Management Course in IT - Information Technology from all around the world. He has served as Chairman, Parliamentary Committee on Water Resources (2003 & 2004), Federal Minister for Information & Broadcasting in 1993, 2002 and 2007-08; and Federal Minister for Kashmir Affairs & Northern Areas and State & Frontier Regions (1993 & 2002). Prior to joining politics, Senator Memon served as Country General Manager, IBM Pakistan (1989 to 1999), Chairman Board of Directors ENGRO Pakistan (2001 to 2002) and Member Board of Directors of PSO, American Life (ALICO)  and Capital Asset Leasing (CALCORP). He has also served as President Overseas Investors Chamber of Commerce and Industry (OICCI) Pakistan, American Business Council (ABC) Pakistan and The Reformers (a Civic Organization) Karachi.


Mr. Narendra S. Sisodia
Director, Institute of Defence Studies & Analysis, Delhi


Mr. Narendra S. Sisodia took charge of IDSA (Institute of Defence Studies & Analysis) in September 2005. He retired as Secretary in the Ministry of Finance in January 2005. Prior to this assignment, he was Secretary, Defence Production and Supplies, Ministry of Defence. Mr. Sisodia graduated from St. Stephens’ College Delhi and obtained a Master’s Degree from Harvard University, USA, where he was a Mason Fellow. Mr. Sisodia joined the Indian Administrative Service in 1968. In Government of India, he served as Joint Secretary, Ministry of Defence from 1988-94. As Additional Secretary in the National Security Council Secretariat, he was closely associated with the work of the Kargil Review Committee. Subsequently, he was appointed as a member of the Task Force set up to recommend measures for Reforming the Management of Defence. He was also responsible for providing resource support to the Group of Ministers on Reforming the National Security System. As the first Additional Secretary of the newly constituted National Security Council Secretariat, he was closely associated with the nascent NSCS and other support structures of the National Security Council like the Strategic Policy Group & the National Security Advisory Board. He has also been Vice Chancellor of Mohan Lal Sukhadia University, Udaipur.  He is a member of the National Security Advisory Board.


Dr. Imran Ali
Professor of Economic History & Business Policy, LUMS


Professor Imran Ali has taught Economic History at the University of New South Wales and the University of Melbourne in Australia, and Asian Studies at the Australian National University, before joining LUMS in 1986. He has been an Honorary Research Fellow, Institute of Commonwealth Studies, University of London; a Visiting Scholar at the Harvard Business School, and at the School of Economics, University of Sydney; and a Visiting Professor in the School of Economics, University of New South Wales, Australia. He has several international publications on Pakistan and the Punjab. He has also prepared several cases, industry notes and research papers on agribusiness and business development at LUMS; and presents papers regularly at seminars and conferences internationally on his research work on Pakistan. His research interests are in political economy, strategic management, agribusiness, and the history of agrarian and business development in Pakistan.


Justice (Retd.) Saeed uz Zaman Siddiqui
Former Chief Justice of Pakistan


Justice (Retd.) Saeeduzzaman Siddiqui is former Chief Justice of Pakistan. He joined the Bar in February 1961. He was enrolled as Advocate of High Court of West Pakistan in November 1963 and as Advocate of Supreme Court of Pakistan in November 1969. He was elected as Joint Secretary Karachi High Court Bar Association in the year 1967 and soon after was elected as Member of Managing Committee of Karachi High Court Bar Association in the year 1968-69. He was later elected as Honorary Secretary of High Court Bar Library in 1977 and continued as such until elevated as Judge of Sindh High Court in May 1980. Mr. Siddiqui was appointed as Chief Justice of the Sindh High Court in November 1990 and then as Judge, Supreme Court of Pakistan in May 1992. On July 1, 1999 he was appointed as Chief Justice of Pakistan and Chairman Pakistan Law Commission. In January 2000, Justice (Retd.) Saeeduzzaman Siddiqui chose not to take oath under the Provisional Constitution Order (PCO) of Gen. Pervez Musharraf and thus relinquished his office on a principled stance.


Dr. Volkan Aytar
Democratization Programme
Turkish Economic and Social Studies Foundation (TESEV)



Dr. Volkan Aytar holds a B.A. degree in Political Science (Bilkent University, Ankara, Turkey), M.A. degree in Sociology while he is a doctoral candidate at the State University of New York. Since 2004, he is a researcher and administrator at TESEV’s Democratization Programme, with a particular emphasis on Security Sector Reform, including Civil-Military Relations, Police Reform and Empowerment of the Civil Society and the Media. He also directs DCAF-TESEV Book Series in Security Sector Studies. He is the editor of Democratic Oversight of the Security Sector: Turkey & the World (2005), and author of Metropol (2005). He is an Editorial Board member of Istanbul Journal of Urban Culture and teaches sociology classes at Istanbul Bahçeşehir University’s Faculty of Communications. His co-edited book (with Jan Rath) entitled Gateways to the Urban Economy: Ethnic Neighborhoods as Places of Leisure and Consumption will be published in 2009.


Mr. Roland Friedrich
Adviser and Head of Project ‘Palestinian Territories’
Operations Division Africa and Middle East
Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF)



Roland Friedrich is Adviser and Head of the Project 'Palestinian Territories' at the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF). He heads the DCAF Ramallah Office which assists the Palestinians with reforming their security sector. Prior to joining DCAF in 2005, Roland Friedrich worked with the Middle East Conflict Management Programme at the IISS (International Institute for Strategic Studies) in London. He has also worked with the Institute of Political Science at Bonn University in Germany and the German Parliament, the Bundestag. Roland Friedrich holds an MA (Hon.) in Political Science, International Law and Spanish Literature and Linguistics from Bonn University and an MSc (Distinction) in Middle East Politics from the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS) in London. Roland Friedrich has written extensively on Palestinian security sector governance and reform. In addition to this, his research interests include the Arab-Israeli conflict, the international and domestic politics of Syria and Lebanon, the politics of Islamic and national identity, theories of international politics, and concepts and frameworks of security sector governance and reform.


Mr. Sartaj Aziz
Former Senator & Federal Minister


Politically affiliated with Pakistan Muslim League (Nawaz) (PML-N), Mr. Sartaj Aziz has held ministerial portfolios of Food, Agriculture and Cooperatives (1984-1988), Food & Agriculture and Local Government & Rural Development (1988), Finance, Planning and Economic Affairs (1990 – 1993), Finance, Planning and Economic Affairs (1997-1998) and Foreign Affairs (1998-1999). Mr. Sartaj Aziz holds a Masters in Development Economics form Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass., USA. A well-known economist and a political thinker, he has published several works on development, agriculture and politics. Mr. Sartaj Aziz was elected to the Senate of Pakistan on three occasions (1985, 1988 an 1994). He currently serves as the Vice Chancellor of Beaconhouse National University in Lahore, Pakistan.


Mr. Ali Wibisono
Planning and Development Staff,
Administration Center of Universitas Indonesia



Mr Ali Wibisono holds Masters degree in International Security and Terrorism from University of Nottingham, UK. He has served as Project Officer at The RIDEP Institute developing and maintaining research and advocacy programme on termination of Indonesia’s military business. He has also served as Coordinator for Simpul Aliansi Nasional untuk Demokratisasi Intelijen (SANDI/National Coalition on Intelligence Democratization), writing and editing publication of advocacy on intelligence reform, while coordinating civil society organizations to push for legislation of intelligence bill. He has remained Programme Director at Pacivis University of Indonesia, maintaining ongoing and developing new research/advocacy programmes and wrote legislation manual book on intelligence bill and a book on Indonesian intelligence. He is serving as Planning and Development Staff, Administration Center of Universitas Indonesia, providing research and evaluation on the university’s current academic development and designing plans for the university’s future academic development.


Dr. Makmur Keliat
Department of International Relations,
University of Indonesia



Dr. Makmur is Lecturer at the Department of International Relations, University of Indonesia. He holds a bachelors degree in International Relations from the Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia and Master and Doctoral degrees from School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi India. He is actively involved in Network of East Asian Think-Tanks (NEAT) Working Group; serves as a member of the advisory group to the Bureau of Policy Research and Development, Indonesian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and various working groups on security sector reform in Indonesia. He has contributed to several academic publications and commentaries in various media.


Mr. Shahid Hamid
Former Governor Punjab


Mr. Shahid Hamid received his B.A. (Hons) and M. A. Economics degrees from the University of Cambridge, U. K and Barrister-at-Law from the Honourable Society of the Inner Temple, London. Mr. Shahid Hamid joined the Civil Services of Pakistan in 1964 and during his career from 1964-1976, he held many portfolios ranging from district administration to provincial finance department and later as Secretary to the Chief Minister, Punjab. He has practiced as an Advocate of the High Court from 1978 onwards and now serves as a senior and renowned advocate of the Supreme Court of Pakistan. He has also served as Federal Minister for Defence, Establishment & Law from Nov. 1996 - February 1997 and as Governor of the Punjab Province from March 1997to August 1999.

Mr. Tasneem Noorani
Former Federal Secretary

Mr. Tasneem Noorani obtained a Masters Degree in Business Administration from ICMS Tehran, in coordination with Harvard Business School, USA, in addition to the Masters Degree in Geology from the University of the Punjab. During his long career in the civil services of Pakistan, Mr. Noorani has received professional training in the field management and administration. Mr. Noorani was appointed as the Secretary to the Government of Pakistan, Ministry of Interior from 2001 to 2004. He has also served as Secretary to the Government of Pakistan, Ministry of Commerce from 2004 to 2005. Currently, he is the chief Executive of TN Associates (Pvt) Ltd. He also writes commentaries & columns and appears as analyst in the news media.


Brig. (Retd.) Shaukat Qadir
Former Vice President IPRI


Starting as a pilot in the PAF, he joined the army in an infantry unit. Served in erstwhile East Pakistan in 1971, but was fortunate enough to return weeks before the surrender to rejoin his unit at Sulemanki. He also saw action during the Balochistan insurgency in the 1970s and in Kashmir. He commanded three brigades, served on the staff of a brigade, division, and corps; and has been on the faculty of the infantry school, Command and Staff College, and the War Wing at the National Defence University. He sought an early retirement in 1998 and, in 1999 became the founder Vice President and, for a while, President of the Islamabad Policy Research Institute, IPRI; from which he sought early retirement in 2001, before he could be sacked; but his stint there nurtured his pretensions to being able to think occasionally. He is now occasional visiting faculty at the Fatima Jinnah University, writes a weekly column every Saturday for the Daily Times as well as other dailies, and journals in other countries.


Lt. Gen. (Retd.) Abdul Quadir Baloch
Former Governor


Lieutenant General (Retd.) Abdul Quadir Baloch (Zehri) was born in Kharan District of Balochistan in year 1945. He had his initial education in his native district and for college education came down to Mastung, Khuzdar and Quetta from where he graduated in 1966. He studied in Karachi University from 1966 to 1967. He joined Pakistan Military Academy in 1967 and got his commission as Second Lieutenant in Baloch Regiment. He rose to the rank of Lieutenant General in the Army where he retired in 2003. He was elevated as Governor of Balochistan the same year but his tenure could last only for six months as he had to resign due to policy differences. He has the privilege of commanding a Brigade and a Division of Pakistan Army on the Line of Control in Azad Kashmir. He was conferred upon the operational award of “Sitara-e-Basalat” during his service on the Line of Control. He commanded Gujranwala and Quetta Corps before retirement.Lieutenant General Abdul Quadir Baloch holds a Masters Degree in Political Science and LL.B in Law besides two other Master Degrees in War Studies and Joint War Studies. Presently the General Officer is living a retired life in Quetta. He is married with two sons and three daughters.


Mr. Aqil Shah
Doctoral Candidate, Columbia University


Aqil Shah is pursuing a doctorate in political science at Columbia University. He has an M. Phil in International Development from Oxford University where he was a Rhodes Scholar. He has been awarded fellowships and grants by Columbia, the University of Chicago, the Jawaharlal Nehru University, the University of California at Berkeley and the Center for International Security at the University of Illinois, Urbana. He has worked as a South Asia analyst for the International Crisis Group and as a columnist for Dawn. His broad research interests are comparative political development, democratization and civil-military relations with a regional focus on South Asia, especially Pakistan.  His publications include “Pakistan after Musharraf: Praetorianism and Terrorism,” Journal of Democracy (October 2008), “Aiding Authoritarianism: Donors, Dollars and Dictators,” in Charles Kennedy and Cynthia Botteron eds., Pakistan 2005 (Oxford, 2006), and “Pakistan: Civil Society in the Service of an Authoritarian State,” in Muthiah Alagappa, ed., Civil Society and Political Change in Asia (Stanford, 2004).


Dr. Ayesha Siddiqua
Defence & Security Analyst


Dr. Siddiqa has been a civil servant for 11 years during which she was asked to work as the Director of Naval Research with Pakistan Navy making her the first civilian and a woman to work at that position in Pakistan's defense establishment. She also worked as a Deputy Director in Audit Defence Services Lahore Cantt. She is also a Ford Fellow and was the 'Pakistan Scholar' at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars at Washington, DC for 2004-05. Dr. Siddiqa is also an author, and her books include, Pakistan's Arms Procurement and Military Buildup, 1979-99: In Search of a Policy (Palgrave Press, 2001). Her recent book, Military Inc.: Inside Pakistan's Military Economy, was released in April 2007. She has also written commissioned papers on small arms and light weapons proliferation, problems of governance and India-Pakistan relations. Moreover, she has contributed to various international journals like the Journal for Defence and Peace Economics, Jane's Defence Weekly and the Bulletin of Atomic Scientists. On June 13, 2007, during her latest book launch at International Institute for Strategic Studies in London, Siddiqa said that she is not a politician and hers is an academic piece of work. She went on to add that she used Pakistan as a case study. She believes that this book is not a political thriller, rather it carries a broader issue of civil-military relationship in Pakistan. She is a visiting scholar at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, teaching political economy and history of Pakistan.


Mr. Ahsan Iqbal, MNA
Secretary Information PML-N



PML-Ahsan Iqbal is a Member National Assembly of Pakistan. He also serves as Secretary Information of PML-N. He holds a BSc in Engineering from UET Lahore and MBA from Wharton School of Business, U-Penn, USA. He has also attended School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University, USA and Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, USA programmes. His political career started in 1980s during his student life. He has briefly served as Federal Minister for Education after 2008 General Election. His previous appointments include Chief Coordinator / Minister of State, Pakistan 2010 Programme (1997-99), Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission (1998-99); Chairman, Good Governance Group, Government of Pakistan (1997-99); Chairman, Pakistan Engineering Board, and Chairman, National Steering Committees on Information Technology and IQM and Productivity (1998-99). He earlier served as Policy and Public Affairs Assistant to the Prime Minister of Pakistan (1993). He served as Senior Advisor, Al-Madinah Al-Monawarah Digital Economy Project from September 2004 to April 2006. He has also held senior-level corporate positions in public sector corporations of Pakistan.


Lt. General (Retd.) Moinuddin Haider
Former Governor Sindh and Former Interior Minister


Lt. Gen. (Retd.) Moin Uddin Haider joined the Pakistan Army in 1960 and was commissioned in an Armoured Infantry Battalion in 1962. He saw active service as a frontline soldier in the India- Pakistan Wars of 1965 and 1971. He did his Masters in Defence Studies from Royal College of Defence Studies, Seaford House, United Kingdom. He has served as Head of Pakistan Military Contingent in Somalia from 1978 to 1981, remained Director Military Training of Pakistan Army 1986-89, Commander Infantry Division 1989-91, Deputy Chief of General Staff 1991-93, Adjutant General of Pakistan Army 1993-95 and Corps Commander 1996-97. After retirement from the Pakistan Army in 1997, Lt. Gen. (Retd.) Moinuddin Haider was appointed Governor of Sindh Province from March 1997 to June 1999 and remained Federal Minister for Interior and Narcotics Control from November 1999 to November 2002. Gen. Haider has taken part in many Regional and International Conferences including Organization of Islamic Countries and the United Nations on Terrorism, Narcotics Control, De-Weaponisation, and Human Smuggling etc.


Lt. Gen. (Retd.) Talat Masood
Former Federal Secretary


Talat Masood is a retired lieutenant general of the Pakistan Army Corps of EME and is currently a political and defense analyst. He writes on security and political issues in national newspapers and foreign magazines and is a prominent commentator on national and international television and radio networks. Talat Masood joined Pakistan Army in 1951 and retired in 1990 as Secretary for Defence Production in the Ministry of Defence, after serving for 39 years. He was a visiting fellow at the Stimson Center in Washington, DC. A graduate of the Command and Staff College, Quetta and the National Defence College, Rawalpindi of the Armed Forces, General Masood has a Bachelors degree in mechanical engineering and a Masters in Defence and Strategic Studies.

Dr. Parvez Hassan
Renowned Lawyer

Dr. Parvez Hassan is the Senior Partner, Hassan & Hassan (Advocates), Pakistan and Advocate, Supreme Court and High Courts of Pakistan. He holds the degree of Doctor of Laws from Harvard University and Master of Laws Yale University. He has been affiliated with government of Pakistan and several international organizations. Dr. Hassan’s services in the field of law have been acknowledged in the form of different awards he won in different countries.  His publications are well known in the field of law.


Mr. Ahmed Bilal Mehboob
Executive Director PILDAT


The founder Executive Director of PILDAT, Mr. Ahmed Bilal Mehboob has over 20 years’ experience in senior management and advisory positions and over 5 years experience in design, planning and implementation of legislative strengthening projects involving national and provincial legislatures. His major area of work has been in the fore front of strengthening democracy and democratic institutions and providing thorough leadership on crucial issues that affect democracy and political growth in the country. Mr. Mehboob has carved and spearheaded a non partisan political research initiative from the platform of PILDAT and has facilitated the formation of dialogue and research groups on areas such as civil military relations and electoral reforms, etc. He is respected widely as a commentator on political and legislative issues.


Ms. Aasiya Riaz
Joint Director PILDAT



Ms. Aasiya Riaz, Joint Director of PILDAT coordinates various research projects within PILDAT and manages PILDAT’s projects and activities as PILDAT's co-director. She has over 8 years’ experience of working in the field of research, management, analysis and coordination. She has been working in the areas of democratic and legislative strengthening; research on political and public policy issues; civil-military relations; dialogues between the Muslim World and the West and Electoral Process, etc. Trained in the field of media and political communication at the London School of Economics, UK, Aasiya has worked with the mainstream press and electronic media in Pakistan as well. She was also a Reagan-Fascell Democracy Fellow at the National Endowment for Democracy where she worked on US Think Tanks and the subject of Civil-Military Relations. Aasiya also graduated from the Stanford University, USA Course on Democracy, Development and Rule of Law in August 2007.